Thyroid Cancer: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Type And Treatment
Thyroid cancer is a type of cancer that occurs when abnormal cells in the thyroid gland grow uncontrollably. The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck that produces hormones that regulate metabolism. Thyroid cancer is relatively rare and accounts for only 1% of all cancers.
The symptoms of thyroid cancer can vary, but some common symptoms include:
A lump or swelling in the neck
Difficulty swallowing or breathing
Hoarseness or changes in the voice
Pain in the neck or throat
Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
Unintentional weight loss
If you have symptoms of thyroid cancer or your Thyroid Cancer Specialist In Mumbai suspects that you may have it, they will likely perform a series of tests to diagnose the condition. These tests may include:
Physical exam: Your doctor will examine your neck and look for any lumps or swelling.
Blood tests: These tests can check for abnormal levels of thyroid hormones in the blood.
Ultrasound: This test uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of the thyroid gland.
Biopsy: A biopsy involves removing a small sample of tissue from the thyroid gland and examining it under a microscope to check for cancer cells.
Types of Thyroid Cancer:
There are four main types of thyroid cancer:
Papillary thyroid cancer: This is the most common type of thyroid cancer, accounting for about 80% of cases. It grows slowly and is usually treatable.
Follicular thyroid cancer: This type of thyroid cancer is less common and tends to grow more quickly than papillary thyroid cancer.
Medullary thyroid cancer: This type of thyroid cancer develops in the cells that produce thyroid hormones and can be inherited.
Anaplastic thyroid cancer: This is the rarest and most aggressive type of thyroid cancer.
The treatment for thyroid cancer will depend on the type and stage of cancer. Some common treatments include:
Surgery: Surgery to remove the thyroid gland (thyroidectomy) is the most common treatment for thyroid cancer. In some cases, only a portion of the thyroid gland may need to be removed.
Radioactive iodine therapy: This treatment involves taking a pill that contains radioactive iodine, which is absorbed by the thyroid gland and destroys cancer cells.
External beam radiation therapy: This treatment uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves taking drugs that kill cancer cells.
In conclusion, thyroid cancer is a relatively rare type of cancer that develops in the thyroid gland. The symptoms of thyroid cancer can vary, but some common symptoms include a lump or swelling in the neck, difficulty swallowing or breathing, hoarseness or changes in the voice, and pain in the neck or throat. If you have symptoms of thyroid cancer, your Pet Ct Scan Specialist In Mumbai will likely perform a series of tests to diagnose the condition. Treatment options for thyroid cancer include surgery, radioactive iodine therapy, external beam radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. The treatment that is best for you will depend on the type and stage of cancer.